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Most of these introductory articles are exracted from Volume I of the Single Monad Model of the Cosmos: Ibn al-Arabi's View of Time and Creation... more on this can be found here.

Introducing Ibn al-Arabi's View of Time:

As we shall see in Chapter II, Ibn al-Arabi considers time to be imaginary and without real existence; it is only a tool used by the mind to chronologically arrange events and the motion of the heavenly spheres and physical objects. Ibn al-Arabi then distinguishes between two kinds of time; 'natural time' and 'paranatural time'. He also explains that the origin of this ultimately imaginary time is from the two forces of the soul: the active force and the intellective force.

Despite time being imaginary, Ibn al-Arabi considers it as one of the four main constituents of nature: time, space, the monad (al-jawhar), and the form (al-‘arad). Like some modern theories, Ibn al-Arabi also considers time to be cyclic, relative and inhomogeneous.

Ibn al-Arabi then gives a precise definition of the 'day', the 'daytime' and the 'night' and generalizes that in relation to all (real and imaginary) orbs or spheres, every orb has its own 'day' and those days are measured by our normal day that we count on the earth.

On the other hand, Ibn al-Arabi gives special importance to the cosmic 'Week', and says that each of the seven cosmic week-Days are unique and not alike. Saturday (al-sabt) in particular has a special importance, because he considers it to be the 'Day of eternity', so that the observable week days, including Saturday itself, are therefore happening in Saturday! This initially may look rather confusing, but it should become easier to understand, especially after we explain Ibn al-Arabi's view of the re-creation principle and his theory of the oneness of being which we discuss in detail in Chapter V below.

Finally, what is very important and unique about his view of time is that Ibn al-Arabi considers time to be discrete: there is a minimum indivisible 'day' or 'time' - and thus, surprisingly, this 'day' is equal to the normal day itself which we live and divide into hours, minutes, seconds and much less than that! This conception at first looks very strange and ambiguous, but in order to explain this, Ibn al-Arabi introduces three kinds of days, depending on the actual flow of time that is not so uniform and smooth as we ordinarily imagine. The key point here is that Ibn al-Arabi stresses that, according to the Qur’an, only one 'event' should be happening every 'day' (of the actual days), and not many different events as we observe. To achieve his deeper understanding of this key Qur’anic expression, he reconstructs the underlying reality of the normal days in a special way from the different days of the actual flow of time, as we shall discuss further in Chapter IV.

Also based on a number of key verses in the Qur’an, Ibn al-Arabi says that the world ceases to exist instantly and intrinsically the next moment right after its creation, and then it is re-created again and again. We shall see that Ibn al-Arabi's view of time and how it flows is precise and unique; it has never been suggested or discussed by any other philosopher or scientist. This distinctive cosmic vision of 'ever-renewed creation', when added to the understanding of the actual flow of time based on the three kinds of days alluded to above, can be used to build a new unique model of the cosmos which we shall discuss in Chapter VI and we shall discuss some of the consequences of this model in Chapter VII.


The science of Time is a noble science, that reveals the secret of Eternity. Only the Elites of Sages may ever come to know this secret. It is called the First Age, or the Age of ages, from which time is emerging.
Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: Volume I, page 156. - Trns. Mohamed Haj Yousef]

Ibn al-Arabi Website:

The Meccan Revelations:

The Sun from the West:

Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

This unique understanding of geometry will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading... , all the Best !

Mohamed bin Ali Haj Yousef

Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

Download the Book "DOT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics".

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As a result of the original divine manifestation, all kinds of motions are driven by Love and Passion. Who could possibly not instantly fall in love with this perfect and most beautiful harmony! Beauty is desirable for its own essence, and if the Exalted (Real) did not manifest in the form of beauty, the World would not have appeared out into existence.
paraphrased from: Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: II.677.12 - trsn. Mohamed Haj Yousef]