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## Einstein's Mass-Energy Equivalence

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# The Mass-Energy Equivalence:

**(Deduction of Einstein's Mass-Energy equivalence from first classical mechanics, and based on the Re-creation principle. Apart from the overwhelming experimental confirmation, neither Einstein, nor anyone else, had ever been able to construct a comprehensive prove for this famous relation from first fundamental principles ["How Einstein confirmed E0=mc2", American Journal of Physics, 79 (6): 591–600, Bibcode:2011AmJPh..79..591H, doi:10.1119/1.3549223]. With the re-creation principle everything is instantly popping into existence from zero speed into the speed of light, and collapsing again. Normal limited speeds that are much below the speed of light are explained in another section.)**

Based on the new concept of re-creation, Einstein’s mass-energy equivalence relation is deduced directly from fundamental classical principles.

In normal classical mechanics, the kinetic energy is the work done in accelerating a particle during the infinitesimal time interval , and it is given by the dot product of force and displacement :

(1)

Now since the momentum: , and if we can assume mass is constant, so that: , we will get:

(2)

So in the classical view of apparently continuous existence, when we consider a continuous smooth change in speed from zero to , the result of this integration will give us the standard equation of kinetic energy:

(3)

This equation can be applied safely on macroscopic objects, in normal conditions, although in reality this incorporates some approximation, because we considered the change in speed to be infinitesimal, which is not correct in extreme conditions.

## The Cosmic Computer

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# The Cosmic Computer: digital manipulation of matter, space and time

This article is published on FQXI: http://fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/2724

Direct link for PDF: http://fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/essay-download/2724/__details/Haj_Yousef_cosmic_computer.pdf

ABSTRACT: Relativity is mainly based on the principle of the constancy and invariance of the speed of light. Although this has been proved experimentally, there is yet no philosophical explanation why this speed can never be surpassed. This article introduces the concept of the duality of time, based on the Re-creation Principle of the Single Monad Model that was first introduced in 2005. This model reduces “matter” and “space” into “time” by explaining how the physical multiplicity is perpetually being constructed by a metaphysical monad which is spreading chronologically over the inner dimensions of space, and then extending over the outer dimension of time to create the dynamic universe. This innovative concept, which has an intrinsic arrow of time, will solve the problem of entropy and explain causality and nonlocality and why the speed of light is the maximum cosmological speed limit. It will be shown that each metaphysical point is continuously and sequentially blinking between rest and light speed, which makes the cosmos literally like a digital machine where the physical properties of particles, such as mass and energy, result from averaging these fluctuations that occur in the inner metaphysical level of time and then evolve over the outer physical level.

## Mohamed Haj Yousef

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About the Author Mohamed Haj Yousef

Mohemed Ali Haj Yousef is a writer and researcher specializing in Islamic thought, especially with regard to mysticism and Ibn Arabi. He studied physics in Syria and earned a degree in physics from the University of Aleppo in 1989 and a Postgraduate Diploma in electronics from the same university in 1990, then he got the Master's degree in Microelectronic Engineering and Semiconductor Physics from the University of Cambridge in the UK in 1992. After a period of work in the field of teaching, he studied Islamic philosophy, where he received a PhD from the University of Exeter in UK in the year 2005, where he studied the concept of time in Ibn Arabi's cosmology and compared it with modern theories of physics and cosmology.

## The Cosmic Heart

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The conceptual conflict between the Quantum and Relativity theories is the modern version of the recurring ancient philosophical competition between the continuum and discrete views of matter. The problem is that these two contrasting views are mutually exclusive, yet each one alone is not capable of describing the whole reality.

Therefore, any successful Theory of Everything must not rely on either the continuum or discrete space-time. Rather, these two contrasting views must be the product of such theory, and they must become complementary in the microscopic and macroscopic scales. The only contestant that may fulfill this criterion is “Oneness”, because on the multiplicity level things are either discrete or continuous, there is no other way.

This book explains how “space” is continuously being constructed by the Single Monad that is the Heart of the Cosmos. One of the invaluable rewards of this continuous space construction is that it reduces space into time, and time into number. Therefore, the speed of light, which will naturally emerge as a first constant, can be easily “calculated” based merely on the three dimensional structure of space, and it will be a unit-less constant, from which other constants will follow. So the cosmos as whole will be a simple arithmetic machine, or a cosmic computer, since its fine structure is not only “quantized” but literally “digital”.

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