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Most of these introductory articles are exracted from Volume I of the Single Monad Model of the Cosmos: Ibn al-Arabi's View of Time and Creation... more on this can be found here.

Other Expressions of Time

In addition to the common words such as time (zaman, zaman), moment (waqt), day (yawm), daytime (nahar) night (layl), eternity (azal/abad) and the age (dahr), which we have discussed above, along with the related terms for week (usbu‘), month (shahr) and year (sana), which we shall discuss in Chapter III, there are other time expressions occasionally used by Ibn al-Arabi with slightly different and more specific technical meanings than in their usage by other Muslim scholars and theologians. We want to end this chapter by looking at some of these other temporal terms for the purpose of completion, although we may not need to refer to these technical terms in the rest of this book. In particular, some of these expressions became important in later forms of Islamic thought which tried to elaborate and integrate Ibn al-Arabi's ideas, in various ways, with the conceptual schemas of both kalam theology and Avicennan philosophy.
·         Al-sarmad: this is another word for eternity, other than al-azal, al-abad and al-dahr. Unlike kalam theologians, Ibn al-Arabi does not use this word often. Sarmad means 'absolute eternity', i.e. it includes both eternity without beginning (azal) and also without end (abad). It is most widely used as an adjective, sarmadi, meaning 'everlasting', and this is how it is used in a very pertinent discussion of time in the Qur’an (28:71-72). Ibn al-Arabi normally used it [I.164.2, I.169.26, II.675.14, IV.29.27] in a similar manner.
·         Mata: literally this word means 'when?', and refers to the relation of a thing or event to time, or to other events. It is used to inquire about the time or occurrence of an event in relation to others. Ibn al-Arabi affirms that the thought of time comes about due to this kind of inquiry: 'So for example if one asks: when (mata) did Zayd come? Then the answer may be “(he came) when (hina) the Sun rose”.' [III.546.28].
·         Al-hin: this is a (relatively short) duration of time [II.201.36, II.263.25]; it is also commonly used to refer to a specific future or past time [II.201.36], usually in answer to 'when', as in the previous example: '(he came) when (hina) the Sun rose' [III.546.28].


The science of Time is a noble science, that reveals the secret of Eternity. Only the Elites of Sages may ever come to know this secret. It is called the First Age, or the Age of ages, from which time is emerging.
Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: Volume I, page 156. - Trns. Mohamed Haj Yousef]

Ibn al-Arabi Website:

The Meccan Revelations:

The Sun from the West:

Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

This unique understanding of geometry will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading... , all the Best !

Mohamed bin Ali Haj Yousef

Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

Download the Book "DOT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics".

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As a result of the original divine manifestation, all kinds of motions are driven by Love and Passion. Who could possibly not instantly fall in love with this perfect and most beautiful harmony! Beauty is desirable for its own essence, and if the Exalted (Real) did not manifest in the form of beauty, the World would not have appeared out into existence.
paraphrased from: Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: II.677.12 - trsn. Mohamed Haj Yousef]