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THE SINGLE MONAD MODEL OF THE COSMOS:

Ibn al-Arabi's Concept of Time and Creation

by Mohamed Haj Yousef



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4. The Origin of Time?


If we can not speak about the origin of the world in time, we can still ask about the origin of time in the world. As Ibn Arabi pointed out, we can not ask when time began, because the word 'when' requires time to be defined beforehand. But we can ask how did time begin?

In response to this cosmological question, Ibn Arabi argues that both the natural and para-natural types of time have originated in the Universal Soul which has two forces: the active and intellective (quwwa amaliyya and quwwa ilmiyya). The active force is in charge of moving bodies and objects,[38] while the intellective force is capable of perceiving knowledge, or updating the soul's spiritual state. So physical time (i.e. that is associated with physical objects) is that in which bodies keep moving to preserve their existence, and spiritual time is that in which the human being's Heart perceives knowledge from his Lord [Ayyam Al-Sha n: 6]. Physical time, therefore, is originated from the active force of the Universal Soul, while spiritual time originates from its intellective force [Ayyam Al-Sha n: 7].

On the other hand, since natural (or physical) time is a consequence of material motion in Nature, it is originated with the isotropic orb which is the first orb in Nature in which the first body was created (see section I.4 above). When this isotropic orb (al-falak al-atlas), was created and started to move, its motion defined natural time. But because this orb is isotropic-the same in all directions-it is not possible to measure time in this orb alone, because there was nothing to compare its motion to it. And when Allah created the second orb that includes the farthest stars (galaxies) that are appropriately called fixed stars, the (apparent) motion of those stars in this orb defined the day as the complete revolution of this orb: 'When Allah caused the higher orbs to move and He created days in the first orb (the isotropic orb) and defined it (the day) in the second orb which is the orb of the apparently fixed stars ' [Ayyam Al-Sha n: 6].

However, as Ibn Arabi says, the motion of the isotropic orb was actually determined from above; it started when the first degree of Gemini was matching the divine 'Foot' on the 'Pedestal' (kursi)[39] above the isotropic orb, and after one complete revolution, the first cosmic 'Day' of creation was done, and that was Sunday. Then the process of divine creation continued through Monday, Tuesday, and so on until its initial completion on Saturday and then it started over again [II.437.34]. Because this creative 'Day' was determined from above, it was not possible to know its duration [II.437.27]. It is true that we divide this day into 24 hours, but this is a mere convention. It is actually not possible to determine the length of this day because there is nothing else (in Nature) to compare its motion to, so we use this day to measure other relative 'days' of other orbs that are below the orb of fixed stars, and also the 'days' of the spiritual (and divine) orbs that are above this physical isotropic orb too. We shall devote Chapter III to explaining in more detail the seven Days of the cosmic 'Week' and how they are caused.



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  • ... Monadology =>:

  • ... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...


  • ... Divine Creation =>:

  • ... vine 'Foot' on the 'Pedestal' ( kursi )[39] above the isotropic orb, and after one complete revolution, the first cosmic 'Day' of creation was done, and that was Sunday. Then the process of DIVINE CREATION continued through Monday, Tuesday, and so on until its initial completion on Saturda ...


  • ... Natural Time =>:

  • ... ch is the first orb in Nature in which the first body was created (see section I.4 above). When this isotropic orb ( al-falak al-atlas ), was created and started to move, its motion defined NATURAL TIME . But because this orb is isotropic-the same in all directions-it is not possible to mea ...


  • ... Allah Caused =>:

  • ... ludes the farthest stars (galaxies) that are appropriately called fixed stars, the (apparent) motion of those stars in this orb defined the day as the complete revolution of this orb: 'When Allah caused the higher orbs to move and He created days in the first orb (the isotropic orb) and de ...


  • ... Devote Chapter =>:

  • ... re other relative 'days' of other orbs that are below the orb of fixed stars, and also the 'days' of the spiritual (and divine) orbs that are above this physical isotropic orb too. We shall devote Chapter III to explaining in more detail the seven Days of the cosmic 'Week' and how they are ...


  • ... Spiritual State =>:

  • ... ( quwwa amaliyya and quwwa ilmiyya ). The active force is in charge of moving bodies and objects,[38] while the intellective force is capable of perceiving knowledge, or updating the soul's SPIRITUAL STATE . So physical time (i.e. that is associated with physical objects) is that in which b ...


  • ... Mere Convention =>:

  • ... ain [II.437.34]. Because this creative 'Day' was determined from above, it was not possible to know its duration [II.437.27]. It is true that we divide this day into 24 hours, but this is a MERE CONVENTION . It is actually not possible to determine the length of this day because there is no ...


  • ... Material Motion =>:

  • ... ctive force of the Universal Soul, while spiritual time originates from its intellective force [ Ayyam Al-Sha n : 7]. On the other hand, since natural (or physical) time is a consequence of MATERIAL MOTION in Nature, it is originated with the isotropic orb which is the first orb in Nature ...


  • ... Apparently Fixed =>:

  • ... evolution of this orb: 'When Allah caused the higher orbs to move and He created days in the first orb (the isotropic orb) and defined it (the day) in the second orb which is the orb of the APPARENTLY FIXED stars ' [ Ayyam Al-Sha n : 6]. However, as Ibn Arabi says, the motion of the isotro ...


  • ... Measure Time =>:

  • ... his isotropic orb ( al-falak al-atlas ), was created and started to move, its motion defined natural time. But because this orb is isotropic-the same in all directions-it is not possible to MEASURE TIME in this orb alone, because there was nothing to compare its motion to it. And when Alla ...


  • ... Perceives Knowledge =>:

  • ... So physical time (i.e. that is associated with physical objects) is that in which bodies keep moving to preserve their existence, and spiritual time is that in which the human being's Heart PERCEIVES KNOWLEDGE from his Lord [ Ayyam Al-Sha n : 6]. Physical time, therefore, is originated fro ...


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  • ... asure time in this orb alone, because there was nothing to compare its motion to it. And when Allah created the second orb that includes the farthest stars (galaxies) that are appropriately CALLED FIXED stars, the (apparent) motion of those stars in this orb defined the day as the complete ...


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I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

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Mohamed Haj Yousef


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