Islamic Calligraphy

DUALITY OF TIME:

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

by Mohamed Haj Yousef



Search Inside this Book


3.4.4.7  Quantum Entanglement


As we have explained in section 4.4.6, the theories and experiments, that followed the EPR, have all confirmed the existence of counter-intuitive non-local interaction between the strongly correlated particles. The EPR original thought experiment itself, in 1935, was meant to show that Quantum Mechanics was incomplete and required further hidden variables. The three authors wrote in their paper:

“We are thus forced to conclude that the quantum-mechanical description of physical reality given by wave-functions is not complete.” Kalckar (2013)

In response to this paper, Schroedinger wrote a letter to Einstein in German, in which he used the word “Verschrankung”, meaning: entanglement, to describe the correlations between two particles that interact and then separate, as in the EPR experiment. He then published a seminal paper defining and discussing the notion of entanglement, where he recognized the importance of the concept, and stated:

“I would not call [entanglement] one but rather the characteristic trait of Quantum Mechanics, the one that enforces its entire departure from classical lines of thought.” Bitbol (2012)

Schroedinger also expressed his dissatisfaction with the concept of entanglement, because it seemed to violate the principle of relativity, in the transmission of information faster than the speed of light. Einstein later famously ridiculed entanglement as “spooky action at a distance”.

Entanglement happens when a pair, or any group, of particles are described only by one quantum state for the whole system, and not by individual quantum states. This happens when the system is closed and its particles may only act on each other, without any interaction from outside. Although according to the uncertainty principle, discussed further in section 4.4.2, impose restrictions on how accurate we measure the momentum, but it is to know if the total momentum of the system changes when its particles act on each other. When the total momentum is always the same before and after the particles interact, then they are entangled, in which case we need to describe the whole system as a single quantum state which cannot be factored as a product of states of its local constituents.

In other words, the total state of a system is always the superposition, or the sum, of the states of its particles, but these particles are said to be entangled only if this sum has no more than one term. Therefore, entangled particles always act as an inseparable whole. This means that one particle cannot be fully described without considering the others. Entanglement is broken when the entangled particles decohere through interaction with the environment; for example, when a measurement is made.

For example, when a subatomic particle decays into two or more particles, they are always entangled as far as they do interact with the environment. A spin-zero particle could decay into a pair of spin-half particles, so the total spin before and after this decay must is still zero. In such a case, we will not be able to know if the spin of each particle is up or down, until we measure it, and when we do, we will automatically know the spin of the other particle no matter where it is in the Universe. In the June 16, 2017, issue of Science, Yin et al. reported the survival of photon pairs in entanglement for distance of 1203 km.

The electrons in any shell in the atom are always entangled. It has also been shown by femtosecond transition spectroscopy, that entangled photons exist in the photosynthesis of plants, which is critical for the efficient conversion of the photon energy into chemical energy.



  previous page

contents

next page  

Read Other Books:

Single Monad Model of the Cosmos
The Single Monad Model of the Cosmos: Ibn Arabi's View of Time and Creation
The Duality of Time Theory
The Duality of Time Theory: Complex-Time Geometry and Perpertual Creation of Space
The Duality of Time Theory
The Ultimate Symmetry: Fractal Complex-Time and Quantum Gravity
The Chest of Time
The Chest of Time: Particle-Wave Duality: from Time Confinement to Space Transcendence

Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate:

he Duality of Time Postulate
DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Other Pages Related to Search Keywords:

  • ... Monadology =>:

  • ... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...


  • ... Entity Al =>:

  • ... orld-Soul) is what is in between (the point and the circumference). So just as the point meets the circumference with its (whole) entity, so does this Greatest Element meet with its (whole) ENTITY AL l the aspects of the Intellect, which are the subtle (the 46,665,000) links that we mention ...


  • ... Creative Act =>:

  • ... ve force); the forms are in need (of Allah’s creation) in order to come out from non-existence into existence, and the Monad is also in need of preserving its existence through that (creative Act), because its existence is unavoidably conditioned upon the existence of the creative f ...


  • ... Arabi Refers =>:

  • ... al Creation of Space by Mohamed Haj Yousef Search Inside this Book 4.2.2  The Single Monad Borrowing his language from the atomistic physical theories of earlier kalam theology, Ibn al-Arabi refers to the created world as being made up of monads and forms, or in his technical language ...


  • ... Technical Sense =>:

  • ... may never come back to existence again [II.677.30, III.452.24]. Generally jawhar signifies everything that exists in reality. Literally it originally meant “jewel”, but in this TECHNICAL SENSE borrowed from the physical theory of kalam theology, it means “substance†...


  • ... Physical Monads =>:

  • ... rious way the substrate of all subsequent manifest creation, whether purely spiritual, imaginal, or physical, is the only thing that in some way underlies, constitutes, or gives rise to the PHYSICAL MONADS . The individual Single Monad, however, remains the basic indivisible structure in th ...


  • ... Subsequent Manifest =>:

  • ... of this Greatest Element is all at once, without any intermediate or associated causes. So this original, metaphysical greatest element that is in some mysterious way the substrate of all SUBSEQUENT MANIFEST creation, whether purely spiritual, imaginal, or physical, is the only thing tha ...


  • ... Element Meet =>:

  • ... while the Tablet (i.e., the world-Soul) is what is in between (the point and the circumference). So just as the point meets the circumference with its (whole) entity, so does this Greatest Element meet with its (whole) entity all the aspects of the Intellect, which are the subtle (the 46, ...


  • ... Point Meets =>:

  • ... orld, is like the (indivisible) point, and the Pen is like its circumference, while the Tablet (i.e., the world-Soul) is what is in between (the point and the circumference). So just as the POINT MEETS the circumference with its (whole) entity, so does this Greatest Element meet with its ( ...


  • ... Allah Entrusted =>:

  • ... his name because he sweeps through all the states of the world: cycling through the capacious orbs of the knowledge of his Creator, through the states of the cosmos to give out to them what Allah entrusted him, and through his knowing himself by his need to his Lord and his Creator. So sin ...


  • ... Variant Names =>:

  • ... e Caliph. There is, however, some confusion between the Greatest Element that we shall talk about in section 2.5, and the Single Monad; sometimes it is not very clear for some of these many VARIANT NAMES whether they are really for the Single Monad or the Greatest Element. One of these nam ...


  • ... Subsistent Contingent =>:

  • ... ned upon the existence of the creative formation of that (i.e., the infinite forms) for which it is a substrate. Likewise (with the dependency on the Creator) of the (purely spiritual) self- SUBSISTENT CONTINGENT (existent) that is not embodied: it is (still) the substrate for the spiritual ...


Welcome to the Single Monad Model of the Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory
Forgot Password? - [Register]

Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading...

Mohamed Haj Yousef


Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

Download the Book "DOT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics" or: READ ONLINE .....>>>>



Subsribe to Newsletter:


As a result of the original divine manifestation, all kinds of motions are driven by Love and Passion. Who could possibly not instantly fall in love with this perfect and most beautiful harmony! Beauty is desirable for its own essence, and if the Exalted (Real) did not manifest in the form of beauty, the World would not have appeared out into existence.
paraphrased from: Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: II.677.12 - trsn. Mohamed Haj Yousef]
quote