The **Duality of Time Theory**, that results from the
**Single Monad Model of the Cosmos**, explains how *physical multiplicity* is emerging from absolute
(metaphysical) *Oneness*, at every instance of our normal time! This leads to the **Ultimate Symmetry** of space and its dynamic formation and breaking into the *physical* and *psychical* (supersymmetrical) creations, in orthogonal time directions. *General Relativity* and *Quantum Mechanics* are complementary **consequences** of the Duality of Time Theory, and all the fundamental interactions become properties of the new **granular complex-time geometry**, at different dimensions. - **=> Conference Talk - Another Conference [Detailed Presentation]**

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

A gauge theory is a theory that admits a symmetry with a local parameter. In every quantum theory, the global phase of the wave-function is arbitrary, and does not represent something physical. Consequently, the theory is invariant under a global change of phases, such as adding a constant to the phase of all wave-functions everywhere. This is called global symmetry.

In Quantum Electrodynamics, the theory is also invariant under a local change of phase, so one may shift the phase of all wave-functions so that the shift may be different at every point in space-time. This is called local symmetry.

However, in order for a well-defined derivative operator to exist, one must introduce a new field, called the gauge field, which also transforms in order for the local change of variables not to affect the derivative. In Quantum Electrodynamics, this gauge field is the electromagnetic field.

According to Noether’s theorem, for every such symmetry there exists an associated conserved current. The aforementioned symmetry of the wave-function under global phase changes implies the conservation of electric charge. Since the excitations of fields represent particles, the particle associated with excitations of the gauge field is the gauge boson, such the photon in the case of Quantum Electrodynamics.

The degrees of freedom in Quantum Field Theory are local fluctuations of the fields, and the existence of a gauge symmetry reduces the number of degrees of freedom, simply because some fluctuations of the fields can be transformed to zero by gauge transformations, so they are equivalent to having no fluctuations at all, and they, therefore, have no physical meaning. Such fluctuations are usually called non-physical degrees of freedom or gauge artifacts. Therefore, if a classical field theory has a gauge symmetry, then its quantized version will have this symmetry as well. In other words, a gauge symmetry cannot have a quantum anomaly.

In general, the gauge transformations of a theory consist of several different transformations, which may not be commutative. These transformations are combined into the framework of a gauge group; infinitesimal gauge transformations are the gauge group generators. Thus, the number of gauge bosons is the group dimension, i.e., the number of generators forming the basis of the corresponding Lie algebra.

All the known fundamental interactions in nature are described by gauge theories, including:

•Quantum Chromodynamics, whose gauge group is, and the gauge bosons are eight gluons. •The electroweak theory, whose gauge group is, and the gauge bosons are the photon and the massiveandbosons. •Gravity, whose classical theory is General Relativity, relies on the equivalence principle, which is essentially a form of gauge symmetry, and its action may also be written as a gauge theory of the Lorentz group on tangent space.## ... Monadology =>:

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## ... Expressed Mathematically =>:

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## ... Temporal Excitations =>:

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... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...

... al levels. In all these three levels, the Single Monad takes the current form of the corresponding entities, one individual form at a time, thus creating them as excitations in the abstract VACUUM FIELD , and when it completes the creation of one frame it starts again anew, by re-creating t ...

... e physical cosmos that we observe on the outer level of time that we encounter, as well as the internal psychical and spiritual levels. In all these three levels, the Single Monad takes the CURRENT FORM of the corresponding entities, one individual form at a time, thus creating them as exc ...

... ainly in the properties of matter and the various interactions between its constituents, meta-physicists investigate the nature of existence, including space-time, causality, and other more ABSTRACT CONCEPT s such as the mind and the soul. The classical view assumes the independent existenc ...

... ˜you are created on My Imageâ€™.â€Ibn al-Arabi, The Meccan Revelations, I5.154.23 â€œMy soul is from elsewhere, Iâ€™m sure of that, and I intend to end up there.â€Jalaluddin Rumi, The Essential Rumi While physicists are interested mainly in the properties of matt ...

... l envisages this whole trinitarian world as one linear chronological sequence of digital information, since it is continuously alternating between existence and non-existence, or vacuum and VOID STATE s, producing the instances of time, which curl into the various dimensions of space and ev ...

... me manifestations of the ultimate divine Real. This is the fundamental reason why the human world is imaginary or hyperbolic, as we showed in chapter V, and as represented in Figure 6.3 and EXPRESSED MATHEMATICALLY by equation 6.1. As a result of sincere contemplation, the Sufis, or the my ...

... me manifestations of the ultimate divine Real. This is the fundamental reason why the human world is imaginary or hyperbolic, as we showed in chapter V, and as represented in Figure 6.3 and EXPRESSED MATHEMATICAL ly by equation 6.1. As a result of sincere contemplation, the Sufis, or the my ...

... n My Imageâ€™.â€Ibn al-Arabi, The Meccan Revelations, I5.154.23 â€œMy soul is from elsewhere, Iâ€™m sure of that, and I intend to end up there.â€Jalaluddin Rumi, The Essential Rumi While physicists are interested mainly in the properties of matter and the various in ...

... ing the dynamic universe, in a similar manner as the movie is displayed on a computer monitor, as explained in chapter IV. The observed and imaginable worlds are, therefore, nothing but the TEMPORAL EXCITATIONS of the individual monads that are being re-created perpetually in one linear ch ...

... evel of time that we encounter, as well as the internal psychical and spiritual levels. In all these three levels, the Single Monad takes the current form of the corresponding entities, one INDIVIDUAL FORM at a time, thus creating them as excitations in the abstract vacuum field, and when ...

... splayed on a computer monitor, as explained in chapter IV. The observed and imaginable worlds are, therefore, nothing but the temporal excitations of the individual monads that are being re- CREATED PERPETUALLY in one linear chronological sequence, by the only one Single Monad, that alone c ...

The science of Time is a noble science, that reveals the secret of Eternity. Only the Elites of Sages may ever come to know this secret. It is called the First Age, or the Age of ages, from which time is emerging.

Welcome to the Single Monad Model of the Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

*Enjoy reading... *

**Mohamed Haj Yousef**

Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

Download the Book "DOT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics" or: READ ONLINE .....>>>>

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