# DUALITY OF TIME:

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

# 1.3.3  The Speed of Light

The famous Michelson-Morley experiment in 1887 proved that light travels with the same speed regardless whether it was moving in the direction of the movement of the Earth or perpendicular to it. This unexpected null result led to the first principle of Special Relativity, that the speed of light in vacuum is the maximum speed which anything in the Universe can attain, regardless of the motion of the source or the inertial reference frame of the observer.

However, even though it was confirmed by many experiments, there is yet no theoretical or philosophical account that could explain this constancy and invariance of the speed of light, but it is considered an axiom that has been experimentally verified, but not yet proven in any fundamental academic sense.

According to the Duality of Time, the speed of light is a property of the dynamic space-time geometry whose individual discrete points are perpetually fluctuating between the two metaphysical states of void and vacuum, corresponding to zero and the speed of light, respectively. All other states, that produce the apparent physical properties of matter result from the spatial and temporal superposition of these two primordial states. So the speed of light is the speed of creation that is the only real speed in nature from which all the other physical properties, such as velocity, acceleration, energy and even the dimensions of space, are only observable on the outward imaginary level of time, and based on this genuinely complex nature of time they can be easily calculated form the basic principles of Classical Mechanics.

The second principle of Special Relativity, which says that the laws of physics are invariant between inertial frames, and the equivalence principle that lead to General Relativity, are not needed anymore. These two principles, which are necessary to derive Lorentz factor and Einstein’s field equations, will follow directly from the complex-time geometry, in addition exact mathematical derivation of the mass-energy equivalence relation (), which has no exact derivation under the current theory of relativity, whereas all current derivations of this critical relation suffer from unjustified assumptions or approximations as was repeatedly acknowledged by Einstein himself.

# Other Pages Related to Search Keywords:

• ... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...

• ## ... Transparent Material =>:

• ... lex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space by Mohamed Haj Yousef Search Inside this Book 1.3.5  Aether and Quintessence Aether was used in ancient and medieval science as a thin TRANSPARENT MATERIAL that fills the upper spheres where planets revolve. The concept was used again ...

• ## ... Classical Concept =>:

• ... d provide an alternative postulate to explain the observed accelerating rate of the expansion of the Universe, rather than Einsteinâ€™s original postulate of cosmological constant. The CLASSICAL CONCEPT of aether was rejected because it required ideal properties that could not be attr ...

• ## ... Current Models =>:

• ... f be thought of as an aether, since empty space now has its own physical properties. In 1951, Dirac reintroduced the concept of aether in an attempt to address the perceived deficiencies in CURRENT MODELS , thus in 1999 one proposed model of dark energy has been named: quintessence, or the ...

• ## ... Morley Experiment =>:

• ... ictory because this medium must be invisible, infinite and without any interaction with physical objects. Therefore, the concept was completely discarded after the null results of Michelson-Morley experiments in 1887. After the development of Special Relativity, aether theories became scie ...

• ## ... Null Result =>:

• ... e. The concept was contradictory because this medium must be invisible, infinite and without any interaction with physical objects. Therefore, the concept was completely discarded after the NULL RESULT s of Michelson-Morley experiments in 1887. After the development of Special Relativity, a ...

• ## ... Literally Means =>:

• ... ace itself, being dynamically created in the inner levels. However, in the light of the Duality of Time, there is now a fine distinction between aether and quintessence. Quintessence, which LITERALLY MEANS : the fifth essence, is the Single Monad itself, which is the real individual metaphy ...

• ## ... Homogeneity Problem =>:

• ... hich is the real individual metaphysical point of geometry, while aether is the medium produced by its continuous recurrence in the inner levels of time. Therefore, in addition to the above HOMOGENEITY PROBLEM , the magnetic monopole can be thought of at this fifth essence, which exists eff ...

• ## ... Aether Theories =>:

• ... teraction with physical objects. Therefore, the concept was completely discarded after the null results of Michelson-Morley experiments in 1887. After the development of Special Relativity, AETHER THEORIES became scientifically obsolete, although Einstein himself said that his model could ...

• ## ... Upper Spheres =>:

• ... tion of Space by Mohamed Haj Yousef Search Inside this Book 1.3.5  Aether and Quintessence Aether was used in ancient and medieval science as a thin transparent material that fills the UPPER SPHERES where planets revolve. The concept was used again in the 18th century to explain the p ...

• ## ... Null Results =>:

• ... e. The concept was contradictory because this medium must be invisible, infinite and without any interaction with physical objects. Therefore, the concept was completely discarded after the NULL RESULTS of Michelson-Morley experiments in 1887. After the development of Special Relativity, a ...

• ## ... Required Ideal =>:

• ... served accelerating rate of the expansion of the Universe, rather than Einsteinâ€™s original postulate of cosmological constant. The classical concept of aether was rejected because it REQUIRED IDEAL properties that could not be attributed to any hypothetical medium that was thought t ...

The science of Time is a noble science, that reveals the secret of Eternity. Only the Elites of Sages may ever come to know this secret. It is called the First Age, or the Age of ages, from which time is emerging.
Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: Volume I, page 156. - Trns. Mohamed Haj Yousef]

### The Sun from the West:

Welcome to the Single Monad Model of the Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory

### Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.