Islamic Calligraphy

DUALITY OF TIME:

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

by Mohamed Haj Yousef



Search Inside this Book


3.4.4.2  Uncertainty Principle


In 1927, Heisenberg proved that it was impossible to determine both a particle’s position and momentum with arbitrary precision, regardless of the accuracy of the experimental tools. This theoretical limits on the ability to describe the world was later called the: “Uncertainty Principle”, which also implies that the observer inevitably affects the results of the observation at some level, because the the act of measurement changes, for example, the momentum of the system. This, however, does not have any serious consideration for large bodies, but becomes very important for microscopic systems. In 1932, Heisenberg won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work that has considerable impact on quantum physics.

The uncertainty principle shows mathematically that the product of the standard deviation, or the uncertainty, in the position and momentum of a particle could never be less than halve of the value of the reduced Planck’s constant ():

(3.18)

For this reason, the position and momentum are known as complementary variables. Henceforth, the complementarity principle was formulated later by Bohr; that quantum objects have certain complementary properties which cannot all be observed or measured simultaneously. In addition to position and momentum, other examples include: energy and duration, spin on different axes, wave and particle, value of a field and its change at a certain position, entanglement and coherence.

The uncertainty principle is inherent in the properties of all wave-like systems, so it arises in Quantum Mechanics simply due to the wave nature of matter particles and quantum objects, as we explained in section 4.4.1. Therefore, it should not be confused with the observer effect, that measurements of certain systems cannot be made without affecting the system. We shall also discuss the observer effect in section 4.4.5 and in chapter VI because it is one of the subtle quantum properties that cannot be explained without taking into account the reality of oneness.

In wave mechanics, the uncertainty relation between position and momentum arises because the expressions of the wave-function, in the two corresponding orthonormal bases in Hilbert space, are Fourier transforms of one another, because position and momentum are conjugate variables. A nonzero function and its Fourier transform cannot both be sharply localized.



  previous page

contents

next page  

Read Other Books:

Single Monad Model of the Cosmos
The Single Monad Model of the Cosmos: Ibn Arabi's View of Time and Creation
The Duality of Time Theory
The Duality of Time Theory: Complex-Time Geometry and Perpertual Creation of Space
The Duality of Time Theory
The Ultimate Symmetry: Fractal Complex-Time and Quantum Gravity
The Chest of Time
The Chest of Time: Particle-Wave Duality: from Time Confinement to Space Transcendence

Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate:

he Duality of Time Postulate
DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Other Pages Related to Search Keywords:

  • ... Monadology =>:

  • ... istory of the universe or in black holes. That is why quintessence models would be promising in this regard, since they are formulated on scalar fields with time-dependent equation of state, ...


  • ... Flowing Time =>:

  • ... in the inner levels of time, all the states are synchronized before they appear as one instance in the normal time level. This would not have been conceivable without taking rigid space as FLOWING TIME in the inner level, and thus the outer time becomes latent to it. 3.9.19  Dark Mat ...


  • ... Physical Consequences =>:

  • ... tons as well as changes in the space-time geometry, or gravitons, are both described as excitations on the string world-sheet. The background dependence of Strings Theory can have important PHYSICAL CONSEQUENCES , such as determining the number of quark generations. In contrast, Loop Quantu ...


  • ... Object Moves =>:

  • ... other four completely different kinds of interactions would be operating when the higher level of time is achieved to make the world developing in space, and this may happen when a physical OBJECT MOVES at the speed of light, which could be achieved under certain conditions similar to quan ...


  • ... Quantized Excitations =>:

  • ... t requires the existence of a positive cosmological constant, and this is consistent with observed acceleration in the expansion of the Universe. In Strings Theory one generally starts with QUANTIZED EXCITATIONS on top of a classically fixed background. This theory is thus described as bac ...


  • ... Forces Including =>:

  • ... ain the relative strength of these fundamental forces and why gravity is very weak, since it is exhausted in the volume. Moreover, this can open the door for converting magnetism into other FORCES INCLUDING gravity, which will be naturally quantized, because they all emerge from the actual ...


  • ... Converting Magnetism =>:

  • ... so on. This can potentially explain the relative strength of these fundamental forces and why gravity is very weak, since it is exhausted in the volume. Moreover, this can open the door for CONVERTING MAGNETISM into other forces including gravity, which will be naturally quantized, because ...


  • ... Physical Manifestation =>:

  • ... sical phenomena are eventually observed, so this is the magnetic monopole that exists everywhere but cannot be isolated because it is always coupled in higher dimensions. Its first level of PHYSICAL MANIFESTATION is the electromagnetic force, then the weak nuclear force, and so on. This ca ...


  • ... Eventually Observed =>:

  • ... utward normal time dimension . Although the metaphysical is the building block of space-time geometry, it does not exist alone on the multiplicity level where all the physical phenomena are EVENTUALLY OBSERVED , so this is the magnetic monopole that exists everywhere but cannot be isolated ...


  • ... Actual Linear =>:

  • ... s exhausted in the volume. Moreover, this can open the door for converting magnetism into other forces including gravity, which will be naturally quantized, because they all emerge from the ACTUAL LINEAR flow of time. 3.9.9  Hierarchy Problem the hierarchy problem is related to relati ...


  • ... Missing Super =>:

  • ... hical and spiritual worlds form together a perfect spherical space that is symmetrical in all directions. This hidden symmetry explains the hierarchy problem, the baryonic asymmetry and the MISSING SUPER -symmetry. 3.9.10  Baryon Asymmetry It is generally assumed that when the Universe ...


  • ... Individual Temporary =>:

  • ... 9.13, the solution to this problem is in the duality nature of time which stems from the Single Monad Model. In the resulting dynamic creation of space, the geometrical points which are the INDIVIDUAL TEMPORARY monads, can not exist together, so they are coupled in order to make the physic ...


Welcome to the Single Monad Model of the Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory
Forgot Password? - [Register]

Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading...

Mohamed Haj Yousef


Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

Download the Book "DOT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics" or: READ ONLINE .....>>>>



Subsribe to Newsletter:


The time of anything is its presence; but I am not in time, and You are not in time; so I am Your time, and You are my time!
Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: III.546.16 - tans. Mohamed Haj Yousef]
quote