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DUALITY OF TIME:

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

by Mohamed Haj Yousef



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3.9.6  Quantum Gravity


Quantum gravity is one of the most profound problems of modern physics, which should unite Quantum Mechanics with General Relativity, to be realized as a full Quantum Field Theory. This is all related to the ultimate structure of space-time, whether it is fundamentally continuous or discrete. It is expected that the gravity involves a force mediated by a hypothetical graviton, or may be the force will be a product of a discrete structure of space-time itself, as in Loop Quantum Gravity.

The two serious approaches to this critical problem are Strings theory and Loop Quantum Gravity, described in sections 7 and 8, where Strings Theory tries to develop an effective Quantum Field Theory of gravity at low energies, while Loop Quantum Gravity uses spin networks to obtain granular space that evolves with time, but all these efforts have not been fruitful yet. The essence of the problem is that most of these theories are trying to implement some kind of quantization in a continuous space-time background, which makes any prospective theory of gravity non-re-normalizable.

One of the main consequences of the duality nature of time is that it becomes naturally granular, because the real flow of time in the inner levels has to be interrupted inn order to appear in the outer level, which is what makes time genuinely complex and hyperbolic, thus leading to the three principles of Special and General Relativity all at once. This will allow Quantum Gravity to be expressed in terms of simple Euclidean geometry, without invoking Riemannian manifolds, as it will be discussed in chapter V.



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Other Pages Related to Search Keywords:

  • ... Monadology =>:

  • ... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...


  • ... Created Internally =>:

  • ... we have introduced in chapter V, if we suppose the particle is composed of individual geometrical points, or monads, each of which is an instance of the Single Monad, then these points are CREATED INTERNALLY at the speed of light in the real flow of time, and appear to be collectively mov ...


  • ... Outward Imaginary =>:

  • ... onads, each of which is an instance of the Single Monad, then these points are created internally at the speed of light in the real flow of time, and appear to be collectively moving in the OUTWARD IMAGINARY time at the limited speed ; thus the particle is described by . The total kinetic ...


  • ... Large Objects =>:

  • ... corresponding specific contribution to the total quantum state which defines the position of the object with relation to the observer. When the number is very large, as it is the case with LARGE OBJECTS and heavy particles, the uncertainty will be very small, because only one point is com ...


  • ... Completely Indistinguishable =>:

  • ... so the number tends to one when velocity tends to , in which case the momentum will be defined at but the uncertainty in position becomes , so all the states will overlap until they become COMPLETELY INDISTINGUISHABLE as in the case of Bose-Einstein statistics as we have seen in section 4 ...


  • ... Number Decreases =>:

  • ... becoming in the real motion, at , rather than rest. So the number of monads is actually the number of discrete states at the time of measurement with relation to a stationary observer. This NUMBER DECREASES as the object accelerates, because the states that are at are indistinguishable, so ...


  • ... Stationary Observer =>:

  • ... more and more points are becoming in the real motion, at , rather than rest. So the number of monads is actually the number of discrete states at the time of measurement with relation to a STATIONARY OBSERVER . This number decreases as the object accelerates, because the states that are at ...


  • ... Inversely Proportional =>:

  • ... small, because only one point is completely uncertain at the real instance of time. But for small particles, such as the electron, the uncertainty could be considerably large, because it is INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL to , thus we can write that . This uncertainty in position will also increase ...


  • ... Higher Velocity =>:

  • ... is inversely proportional to , thus we can write that . This uncertainty in position will also increase with (the imaginary) velocity , or momentum , with relation to the observer, because HIGHER VELOCITY means that on average more and more points are becoming in the real motion, at , rat ...


  • ... Kinetic Velocity =>:

  • ... nally at the speed of light in the real flow of time, and appear to be collectively moving in the outward imaginary time at the limited speed ; thus the particle is described by . The total KINETIC VELOCITY of the particle is the time average of the velocities of all individual points, eac ...


  • ... Total Kinetic =>:

  • ... internally at the speed of light in the real flow of time, and appear to be collectively moving in the outward imaginary time at the limited speed ; thus the particle is described by . The TOTAL KINETIC velocity of the particle is the time average of the velocities of all individual point ...


  • ... Limited Speed =>:

  • ... tance of the Single Monad, then these points are created internally at the speed of light in the real flow of time, and appear to be collectively moving in the outward imaginary time at the LIMITED SPEED ; thus the particle is described by . The total kinetic velocity of the particle is th ...


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Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading...

Mohamed Haj Yousef


Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

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The time of anything is its presence; but I am not in time, and You are not in time; so I am Your time, and You are my time!
Ibn al-Arabi [The Meccan Revelations: III.546.16 - tans. Mohamed Haj Yousef]
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