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DUALITY OF TIME:

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

by Mohamed Haj Yousef



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3.9.8  Magnetic Monopoles


In 1931, Dirac showed that if any magnetic monopoles exist in the Universe, then electric charge must be quantized. The problem is that although electric charge is in fact quantized, no magnetic monopoles were ever found. Later developments in Grand Unification and Quantum Gravity theories have also led to more compelling arguments that monopoles do in fact exist, but some models suggest that they are unlikely to be observed because they are too massive to be created in particle accelerators, and also too rare in the Universe to enter a particle detector with much probability.

Magnetic monopoles should carry a “magnetic charge” just like some particles carry the quanta of electric charge. As we have noted in section 6.3, it is believed that cosmic inflation theory solves this problem because it removes point defects from the observable Universe, in the same way that it drives the geometry to flatness. Since the Universe initially expanded at high exponential rate, so these massive monopoles became as rare as one per cosmic horizon.

According to the Duality of Time, the dynamic universe is the succession of instantaneous discrete frames of space, that extend in the outward secondary level of time that we normally encounter, but each frame is created chronologically within the inward primary level of the real flow of time. Because of the various degrees of freedom, the interactions are different from one level to the other, so in total we have five different fundamental forces: magnetic, electric, strong, weak, and gravity, respectively corresponding to the five levels of time:,,,and, where each level is nested inside the higher dimension, and all are nested inside the outward normal time dimension.

Although the metaphysicalis the building block of space-time geometry, it does not exist alone on the multiplicity level where all the physical phenomena are eventually observed, so this is the magnetic monopole that exists everywhere but cannot be isolated because it is always coupled in higher dimensions. Its first level of physical manifestation is the electromagnetic force, then the weak nuclear force, and so on.

This can potentially explain the relative strength of these fundamental forces and why gravity is very weak, since it is exhausted in the volume. Moreover, this can open the door for converting magnetism into other forces including gravity, which will be naturally quantized, because they all emerge from the actual linear flow of time.



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Other Pages Related to Search Keywords:

  • ... Monadology =>:

  • ... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...


  • ... Appears Continuous =>:

  • ... d in chapter IV, as another illustration of this instantaneous creation of space, we can think of the continuous revolution of the Earth that creates days, months and years, so locally time APPEARS CONTINUOUS , but it is divided globally into days and other discrete periods that are defined ...


  • ... Varying Patterns =>:

  • ... any such earths close to each other and extending infinitely in space, they will appear popping in and out of existence at various intervening time durations, so in total they may form some VARYING PATTERNS that we will describe as a dynamic universe, while in fact they are all created fro ...


  • ... Extending Infinitely =>:

  • ... ile it is revolving, we would only see its fluctuation between day and night, which will be interpreted as existence-nonexistence. Now if we suppose many such earths close to each other and EXTENDING INFINITELY in space, they will appear popping in and out of existence at various interveni ...


  • ... Light Shining =>:

  • ... g how it is moving in space, we would only encounter continuous existence and continuous time. But if we suppose we are watching the Earth from somewhere far away, with a constant source of LIGHT SHINING on it while it is revolving, we would only see its fluctuation between day and night, ...


  • ... Constant Source =>:

  • ... arth without knowing how it is moving in space, we would only encounter continuous existence and continuous time. But if we suppose we are watching the Earth from somewhere far away, with a CONSTANT SOURCE of light shining on it while it is revolving, we would only see its fluctuation betw ...


  • ... Encounter Continuous =>:

  • ... nd other discrete periods that are defined only with relation to other celestial objects. If we suppose that we are inside the Earth without knowing how it is moving in space, we would only ENCOUNTER CONTINUOUS existence and continuous time. But if we suppose we are watching the Earth from ...


  • ... Discrete Periods =>:

  • ... tion of space, we can think of the continuous revolution of the Earth that creates days, months and years, so locally time appears continuous, but it is divided globally into days and other DISCRETE PERIODS that are defined only with relation to other celestial objects. If we suppose that ...


  • ... Divided Globally =>:

  • ... lustration of this instantaneous creation of space, we can think of the continuous revolution of the Earth that creates days, months and years, so locally time appears continuous, but it is DIVIDED GLOBALLY into days and other discrete periods that are defined only with relation to other c ...


  • ... Locally Time =>:

  • ... t we described in chapter IV, as another illustration of this instantaneous creation of space, we can think of the continuous revolution of the Earth that creates days, months and years, so LOCALLY TIME appears continuous, but it is divided globally into days and other discrete periods tha ...


  • ... Creates Days =>:

  • ... to the computer monitor analogy that we described in chapter IV, as another illustration of this instantaneous creation of space, we can think of the continuous revolution of the Earth that CREATES DAYS , months and years, so locally time appears continuous, but it is divided globally into ...


  • ... Instantaneous Creation =>:

  • ... appear as one point in the secondary level of time, that we normally encounter. In addition to the computer monitor analogy that we described in chapter IV, as another illustration of this INSTANTANEOUS CREATION of space, we can think of the continuous revolution of the Earth that creates ...


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Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading...

Mohamed Haj Yousef


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