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DUALITY OF TIME:

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

by Mohamed Haj Yousef



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1.3.8  Super-Symmetry


With the success of Quantum Field Theory, symmetries played important roles in finding new particles and interactions which were quickly found in experiments. According to the standard model, as it will be described chapter III, particles are arranged in different symmetrical groups which include leptons and quarks, both are fermions with spin-half, in addition to bosons which are spin-one particles. According to the symmetry breaking mechanism, the spin-zero Higgs boson was discovered in 2012, after 40 years of its prediction.

In the Standard Model, all fermion particles are associated with anti-particles which have the same mass but with opposite physical charges, such as the positron which is the anti-electron. Additionally, as we shall explain further in chapter III, the theory of super-symmetry supposes that for every particle, including the anti-particles, there is a super-partner, also with the same mass but different quantum statistics. This idea of super-symmetry was utilized in order to solve the Hierarchy Problem which is related to the huge differences between the strength of the fundamental interactions. Super-symmetry is also a key ingredient for the consistency of Strings Theory. However, all searches for the super-partners returned null results, so if super-symmetry existed it should have been broken severely.

According to the Duality of Time, space is dynamically generated by the combination of two opposite, or conjugate, arrows of time, which is why the Cosmic week is made of seven Days, six for the three dimensions of space and one for the outer level of time. Accordingly, further analysis, that will be described in chapters VI and VII, shows that our physical is (being) formed by the perpetual splitting of one spatial dimension into two parallel worlds that exist on two opposite time directions. The first one is the physical world and its anti-world is our own psychical world which has exactly the same physical structure but in the conjugate dimension of time, and they form together theflat space of the constant entities, that is a fully spherically symmetrical Euclidean space, without time.

This means that there is no need to introduce any new super-symmetry, because the same present symmetry, between particles and their anti-particles, is enough to solve the hierarchy of the fundamental interactions, because they now act on different levels of time, and also the asymmetry between matter and antimatter is explained, since they originally exist on different axis of time, in addition to solving many major problems in physics, that will be listed in chapter III.



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Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading...

Mohamed Haj Yousef


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