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DUALITY OF TIME:

Complex-Time Geometry and Perpetual Creation of Space

by Mohamed Haj Yousef



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3.5.12  Perturbative and Non-perturbative


In the perturbative approach to Quantum Field Theory, the full field interaction terms are approximated as a perturbative expansion in the number of particles involved. Each term in the expansion can be thought of as forces between particles being mediated by other particles. In QED, the electromagnetic force between two electrons is caused by an exchange of photons. Similarly, intermediate vector bosons mediate the weak force and gluons mediate the strong force in QCD. The notion of a force-mediating particle comes from perturbation theory, and does not make sense in the context of non-perturbative approaches to Quantum Field Theory, such as with bound states.



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Other Pages Related to Search Keywords:

  • ... Monadology =>:

  • ... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...


  • ... Negative Contribution =>:

  • ... ds to the re-creation of space and matter in the inner level of time, which then evolve in the outer time, thus the normal kinetic energy becomes imaginary or latent with relation to . This NEGATIVE CONTRIBUTION of the kinetic energy, however, does not falsify the current equations 5.11 an ...


  • ... Negative Mass =>:

  • ... ch is only a property of space. In lower dimensions, energy should rather be associated with the corresponding coupling property, such as the electric charge. Therefore, it is expected that NEGATIVE MASS is only possible in spatial dimensions, as it has been already anticipated before Peti ...


  • ... Remains Invariant =>:

  • ... imaginary part) is compensated by the change in the effective mass: due to motion, which causes the real part of energy also to change accordingly, but since is hyperbolic, thus its modulus REMAINS INVARIANT between all frames. This means that: (5.32) This equation provides an additional m ...


  • ... Current Formulation =>:

  • ... esentation of time, velocity and momentum in Figures 5.1, 5.3 and 5.5, that are based on the complex-time frame, we can now give more dimensionality to energy, that is already hinted in the CURRENT FORMULATION of special and General Relativity, for example through the relativistic energy-m ...


  • ... Intersecting Dimensions =>:

  • ... tic energy-momentum equation 5.15 and the experimental fact that the cosmological constant is positive. Since it is intimately related to time, energy has to have complex, and even multiple INTERSECTING DIMENSIONS in accordance with the dimensions of space and matter which are generated in ...


  • ... Complex Energy =>:

  • ... represents the evolution of this mass in the outer time through the change in the apparent velocity : (5.30) The real part is and the imaginary part is , thus we get: (5.31) Figure 5.6: The COMPLEX ENERGY is obtained by the combination of the real energy , that corresponds to the re-creati ...


  • ... Current Form =>:

  • ... esentation of time, velocity and momentum in Figures 5.1, 5.3 and 5.5, that are based on the complex-time frame, we can now give more dimensionality to energy, that is already hinted in the CURRENT FORM ulation of special and General Relativity, for example through the relativistic energy-m ...


  • ... Normal Kinetic =>:

  • ... energy is obtained by the combination of the real energy , that corresponds to the re-creation of space and matter in the inner level of time, which then evolve in the outer time, thus the NORMAL KINETIC energy becomes imaginary or latent with relation to . This negative contribution of t ...


  • ... Left Side =>:

  • ... is hyperbolic, thus its modulus remains invariant between all frames. This means that: (5.32) This equation provides an additional method to derive the mass-energy equivalence, because the LEFT SIDE in this equation can be reduced to : (5.33) So when we combine the two equations: 5.32 and ...


  • ... Current Equations =>:

  • ... then evolve in the outer time, thus the normal kinetic energy becomes imaginary or latent with relation to . This negative contribution of the kinetic energy, however, does not falsify the CURRENT EQUATIONS 5.11 and 5.15, but it means that the potential energy and the kinetic energy are i ...


  • ... Time Frame =>:

  • ... Negative and Multidimensional Energy In the same manner as in the above geometrical representation of time, velocity and momentum in Figures 5.1, 5.3 and 5.5, that are based on the complex- TIME FRAME , we can now give more dimensionality to energy, that is already hinted in the current for ...


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Message from the Author:

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

Enjoy reading...

Mohamed Haj Yousef


Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

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