The **Duality of Time Theory**, that results from the
**Single Monad Model of the Cosmos**, explains how *physical multiplicity* is emerging from absolute
(metaphysical) *Oneness*, at every instance of our normal time! This leads to the **Ultimate Symmetry** of space and its dynamic formation and breaking into the *physical* and *psychical* (supersymmetrical) creations, in orthogonal time directions. *General Relativity* and *Quantum Mechanics* are complementary **consequences** of the Duality of Time Theory, and all the fundamental interactions become properties of the new **granular complex-time geometry**, at diifferent dimensions. - **=> Conference Talk [Detailed Presentation]**

Particle-Wave Duality: from Time Confinement to Space Transcendence

Therefore, physical existence happened as a result of splitting this *3D* ideal space, which introduced the
outer level of time in which fermions started to move and take various
different (discrete) states. The fundamental reason behind the quantum behavior, or why these states are discrete, is because no two
particles, or fermionic states, can exist simultaneously in the outer time,
which is the very fact that caused them to become multiple and make the
physical matter, so their re-creation must be processed sequentially, and
this is the ontological reason behind the exclusion principle. Therefore, since all fermions are kinetically moving in the outer time, which is
imaginary, they must exist in different states, because we are observing
them from orthogonal time direction, otherwise we would not see them
multiple and in various dimensions. In contrast to that, because bosons are
in the real level of time with respect to the observer, they all appear in the same state even though they may be many.

The exclusion principle is one of the fundamental observation in quantum physics, which was introduced in 1924, to resolve the inconsistencies between the observed molecular spectra and the predictions of Quantum Mechanics. This principle states that “there cannot exist an atom in such a quantum state that two electrons within [it] have the same set of quantum numbers.” Shortly after that the property of spin was observed in the famous Stern-Gerlach experiment. From the calculations performed by Schroedinger for the energy levels of hydrogen, the distributions of probabilities for electron positions and locations are related to four quantum properties: orbital, shape, inclination, and spin, each of which has a quantum number and they collectively describe the quantum state of the electron.

So the Pauli exclusion principle demands that no two electrons within an atom may have the same values of all four quantum numbers, which gives rise to the different possible arrangements of the orbitals that lead to the organization of the periodic table of chemical elements.

This also lead to the main field of quantum statistics, that includes Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions of particles over energy states. The first describes particles that obey Pauli exclusion principle, thus called fermions, having spin-half, and the latter describes particles that do not obey this principle, thus called bosons, having integer spins.

This exclusion principle resulted from the observations of atomic spectra, supported later by the various theoretical and experimental studies on spin and magnetic properties of moving charges, but there is no fundamental explanation as to why these various discrete states are imposed and can not be duplicated together in the same atom!

According to the Duality of
Time, all particles and objects are sequential manifestations of the Single
Monad, that can either be in the inner level that constitutes the real
dimensions of space, or the outer level that is the imaginary dimension of time. Therefore, bosons are “space particle” while fermions are “time
particles” , not the opposite, because the latter are created internally at
the speed of light, like everything else, but they move through the outer
imaginary time, at a limited velocity that can not reach the speed of light,
while bosons move in space and time together at the speed of light.
Therefore, bosons are described by *(c, c)* while fermions are
described by *(c, v)*, and the reason why we have various generations
of each type is due to the number of dimensions. Here, however, there are
many details which may contradict the established, but incomplete,
conclusions of the Standard Model, although these contradictions can be
resolved easily but this requires detailed analysis beyond this book.

Nevertheless, we can say that in principle we should have seven degrees of spin, and these are the same seven heavens, or celestial orbs; each corresponding to one degree of freedom, or one level of time, and each two opposite consecutive time directions make up one dimension of space, which is why two complementary fermions, such as the electron and the positron, each of spin half, can annihilate into one boson of spin one, and the opposite is also possible.

However, the most fundamental
reason behind the exclusion principle is the reality of oneness; that in the real flow of time only one real entity exist, at any given discrete
instance, that is the Single Monad that is always moving at the speed of
light; because with regard to itself it is always in the state of being *(c,
c)*, which forms the *3D* flat space for some hypothetical external observer.

If the world remained in this state of oneness, or unity, it would have been described by absolute Bose-Einstein statistics, which means that all its (constant) entities are non-interacting indistinguishable “particles” that occupy the same state, such as what happens in an ideal super-fluid, which is the state of “water’’ from which Allah made everything living, or moving, as we will see further below.

The creation of the world
happened as a result of splitting this *3D* ideal space, which
introduced the outer level of time in which fermions started to move and
take various different states. The reason why these states are discrete, and
therefore no two particles can exist in exactly the same state, is because
they exist in the imaginary time, which is the very fact that caused them to
become multiple. If remained in the real flow of time, all hypothetical particles become indistinguishable One or whole, so those which turns out to the
imaginary time, by being multiplied by the imaginary number unit *j*
which produces an abrupt rotation by 90 degrees as we explained in Chapter V
of Volume II. This is exactly what gives them spin-half with relation to the observer who is necessarily in orthogonal time dimension, since that is what it means for them to be in imaginary time.

So since all fermions are kinetically moving in the outer time which is imaginary, they must exist in different states, because we are observing them from orthogonal direction(s), otherwise we would not see them many. In contrast to that, because bosons are in the real level of time with respect to the observer, they all appear in the same state even though they may be infinite.

The first case is like looking at the various points of the inner surface of a sphere surrounding the observer, so he or she has to move around, even by imagination, to distinguish between the different points, while the second case is like looking along a straight line which has an infinite number of points, but they are indistinguishable and they all are perceived as one.

## ... Monadology =>:

## ... Obey Pauli =>:

## ... Einstein Distributions =>:

## ... Includes Fermi =>:

## ... Main Field =>:

## ... Collectively Describe =>:

## ... Calculations Performed =>:

## ... Exist Simultaneously =>:

## ... Existence Happened =>:

## ... Real Entity =>:

## ... Space Part =>:

## ... Time Part =>:

... Space Transcendence Read this short concise exploration of the Duality of Time Postulate: DoT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics ...

... ements. This also lead to the main field of quantum statistics, that includes Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions of particles over energy states. The first describes particles that obey Pauli exclusion principle, thus called fermions, having spin-half, and the latter describes par ...

... ngements of the orbitals that lead to the organization of the periodic table of chemical elements. This also lead to the main field of quantum statistics, that includes Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions of particles over energy states. The first describes particles that obey Paul ...

... to the different possible arrangements of the orbitals that lead to the organization of the periodic table of chemical elements. This also lead to the main field of quantum statistics, that includes Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions of particles over energy states. The first desc ...

... four quantum numbers, which gives rise to the different possible arrangements of the orbitals that lead to the organization of the periodic table of chemical elements. This also lead to the MAIN FIELD of quantum statistics, that includes Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions of parti ...

... istributions of probabilities for electron positions and locations are related to four quantum properties: orbital, shape, inclination, and spin, each of which has a quantum number and they COLLECTIVELY DESCRIBE the quantum state of the electron. So the Pauli exclusion principle demands th ...

... a quantum state that two electrons within [it] have the same set of quantum numbers.” Shortly after that the property of spin was observed in the famous Stern-Gerlach experiment. From the CALCULATIONS PERFORMED by Schroedinger for the energy levels of hydrogen, the distributions of proba ...

... ove and take various different (discrete) states. The fundamental reason behind the quantum behavior, or why these states are discrete, is because no two particles, or fermionic states, can EXIST SIMULTANEOUSLY in the outer time, which is the very fact that caused them to become multiple a ...

... ntum Mechanics ...

... e boson of spin one, and the opposite is also possible. However, the most fundamental reason behind the exclusion principle is the reality of oneness; that in the real flow of time only one REAL ENTITY exist, at any given discrete instance, that is the Single Monad that is always moving at ...

... f the Single Monad, that can either be in the inner level that constitutes the real dimensions of space, or the outer level that is the imaginary dimension of time. Therefore, bosons are “ SPACE PART icle” while fermions are “time particles” , not the opposite, because the latter are ...

... n the inner level that constitutes the real dimensions of space, or the outer level that is the imaginary dimension of time. Therefore, bosons are “space particle” while fermions are “ TIME PART icles” , not the opposite, because the latter are created internally at the speed of ligh ...

The science of Time is a noble science, that reveals the secret of Eternity. Only the Elites of Sages may ever come to know this secret. It is called the First Age, or the Age of ages, from which time is emerging.

Welcome to the Single Monad Model of the Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory

I have no doubt that this is the most significant discovery in the history of mathematics, physics and philosophy, ever!

By revealing the mystery of the connection between discreteness and contintuity, this novel understanding of the complex (time-time) geometry, will cause a paradigm shift in our knowledge of the fundamental nature of the cosmos and its corporeal and incorporeal structures.

*Enjoy reading... *

**Mohamed Haj Yousef**

Check this detailed video presentation on "Deriving the Principles of Special, General and Quantum Relativity Based on the Single Monad Model Cosmos and Duality of Time Theory".

Download the Book "DOT: The Duality of Time Postulate and Its Consequences on General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics" or: READ ONLINE .....>>>>

The time of anything is its presence; but I am not in time, and You are not in time; so I am Your time, and You are my time!